N Rangasamy is the CM (Chief Minister) of a poor Indian state Puducherry. He was elected for first time in 1990 in local assembly elections.
He is holds BCom & BL (Law) degrees and hails from an ordinary background.
Rangasamy was appointed Agriculture minister followed by Education ministry and eventually elected as the CM of the state. He is the CM ever since and had never lost an election. How come?
The answer lies in two aspects; one he lives an ordinary person’s life and he lives among the people. Second & most important; He turned one of the poorest Indian states Puducherry into a better one:
After assuming the office of CM, he refused living in CM house saying Puducherry is a poor state; I don’t want to burden it further. NR lives in his old small house – no cars, no guards.
NR lives with ordinary people and lives like an ordinary person with an intention of serving them.
He drives his old bike and goes around the city meeting people & sorting their issues, without any security.
There were a huge number of people living in hut (slums). NR decided to eradicate temporary huts completely. He started cheap housing schemes; now hardly anyone lives in huts.
Schools provide free books & free lunch – yet you won’t see any ad promoting it in the newspapers.
His government arranged gas cylinders in the state so that poor don’t axe trees for fuel.
People traditionally did not give women the right to own property. NR gave tax reliefs on transferring property to women.
And there is a long list of such activities that has transformed that poor state into a relatively better off one. Politicians don’t like people like him; he was part of Congress party but was forced to resign due to internal politics. He started his own party and within months he was back in the office. He lives not in the CM house rather in people’s hearts.
There is another similar example in India, Anna Hazare.
Just compare him with politicians of our holy lands – I can’t think of a single example.
Expensive Bullet-proof Cars, Guards, Gold-Plated Bathrooms, Planes, Palaces, Off-Shores Assets, Houses in London, New York and eventually Houses in Hell…….
As a rule of thumb there is an inverse relation between leaders and their nation’s wealth. Richer the Leaders, Poorer the People….
Abu Suffian RA family remained in power in Syria from 18 Hijrah (year 638) onward. This area became the power source for them. This is where the era of Ummayad Khilafat originated in 41 Hijrah (661).
We need to keep in mind that there are many people in Umayyad who were named Muawiah & Yazeed. Abu Suffian had two sons called Muawiah (RA) & Yazeed (RA). Then Muawiah (RA) had a son called Yazeed. He was the one involved in the incident of Karbalah where Imam Hussain RA was martyred (underlined & marked with Red arrow in the chart below).
Initial Khaleefahs & No Relatives Policy:
Abu Bakar (RA) was from Bani Taiyam and Umar (RA) was from Bani Adi; so first two khaleefs were neither Hashimi nor Umayyad. Then Usman (RA) from Bani Ummayyiah came into power. Neither Muhammad (SAW) nor any of the first two khaleefs appointed anyone from their family.
But Usman RA reversed this policy and appointed a lot of his close relatives at high positions in his Government. This is when the Ummayiah- Hashimi rivalry started surfacing again.
Umayyad in Power under Usman (RA)
Usman (RA) sincerely believed that He is appointing a suitable person for the job and that Allah Ta’ala has commanded Muslims to be kind to their close relatives.
As Usman RA appointed many people from Umayyad, they became very strong during his era. There were good Umayyad people appointed who served the state in great ways but there were some doubtful appointments such as:
Waleed bin Uqaba: Usman’s (RA) Step Brother. He was appointed an Ammal (Tax collector) by Prophet (SAW). But he lied to prophet when sent to Bani Mustaliq’s and hence was removed from his appointment. Usman RA appointed him as Governor of Kufa replacing Saad bin Waqas (RA) (Ashra-e-Mubashra). Waleed prayed 4 Rakah in Fajar under the influence of alcohol. He was then removed & punished by Usman RA.
Abdullah bin Saad bin Sarh: Usman’s (RA) Razai Brother (suckled milk from same woman). He was one of the worst enemies of Islam. At Fatah Makkah Prophet (SAW) ordered to kill him (& 7 others) even if they hold Ka’aba’s Cover (Ghulaaf). But he was saved by Usman (RA). He accepted Islam, then Rejected, & then accepted again.
Usman appointed him as Governor of Egypt.
Marwan bin Hakam: Hakam was uncle of Usman (RA). He was exiled by Prophet SAW from Madina due to anti state activities. He & his son Marwan remained in exile till the time of Usman (RA). Abu Bakar & Umar RA did not allow them to return. But Usman RA brought them back to Madina. As stated by Usman RA, he took permission from Rasul Allah (SAW).
Marwan was appointed as State Secretary by Usman (RA). He held the official seal of the Khalifah but he abused his powers many times. It was one such incident which eventually led to the death of Usman RA. Marwan was the killer of Abu Talha RA (Ashra Mubashra sahabi) during the battle of Jammal. He also confiscated the Oasis of Fadak (Khyber) which was kept by Rasul Allah (SAW) for his family.
Ameer Muawwiah RA: Usman RA extended Ameer Muawiah’s RA rule to the whole Syria including Jordan & Palestine. He remained as Governor here for about 23 years. A long tenure at one place turned out to be lethal and led to worst power struggle Muslims ever saw plus the killing of thousands of Muslims including Imam Husaain (RA).
Bani Ummayyad vs Ahl-e-Bait (Family of Rasul Allah SAW)
After the death of Usman RA, Ali RA was appointed as 4th Khalifah. He was from Bani Hashim. Ameer Muawiah RA, the governor of Syria at the time, refused to give his allegiance to Ali RA. As a result a sad battle of Saffain was fought between them and thousands of Muslims lost their lives. Ali’s RA whole tenure of Khilafat was wasted due to fighting among Muslims. People were so deprived of peace.
Ali (RA) shifted Dar Al-khilafah, the Capital of Government from Madina to Kufa so that people of Madina could get some peace from power struggles and focus more on knowledge.
After the sad death of Ali RA, Hazrat Hassan RA was appointed as Khaleefa. But Ameer Muawwiah RA continued his efforts to become the ruler of all the Muslims so the internal fights continued. Imam Hassan RA was very kind hearted; he did not like to further the spillage of ordinary Muslims blood. Hassan RA stepped down and Amir Muawwiah became the Khaleefa of all Muslims world of the time.
This act was disliked by the Banu Hashim and the Rivalry turned into “Umayyad vs Ahl-e-Bait” (Family of Prophet SAW). A large group of supporters of Ahl-e-Bait emerged called Shia (discussed below).
Era of Umayyad Khilafat (661 – 749):
Ameer Muawiah RA taking Khalifah’s office was the foundation of Umayyad Khilafat. He RA apparently took good care of the Ahl-e-Bait.
Muawwiah RA nominated his son Yazeed as khaleefah after his death. This was the first & worst example of Monarchy (Malookiat, Inherited Family based Government). People generally rejected it but some people accepted it out of fear because Umayyad had power in their hands. Some accepted it just to keep unity. But people with high morals from Quraish and especially Ahl-e-Bait opposed it.
At the forefront of opposition were Imam Hussain & Abdullah bin Zubair bin Awam RA. Imam Hussain RA was martyred along other Ahl-e-Bait at Karbala.
Yazeed died after few years and his appointed son Muawiah (son of Yazeed) stepped down within few days of taking the power. And this brought an end to ruling in Amir Muawiah RA family. Khalafat continued in Bani Umayyad though till 749. It was then taken over by the Bani Abbas (decedents of Abbas RA, uncle of Rasul Allah SAW).
The 92 years of monarchy based Umayyad era was full of oppression & killings among Muslims. Although they mainly focused on gaining & maintaining power and Islam was not their main agenda, yet they largely implemented Islam as a system to look after the collective affairs of Muslims. This is in full contrast to the present days Muslim rulers; they are not only illegal but also run our affairs with 100% non-Islamic system.
The Big Split:
It is evident the Umayyad Hashmi Rivalry created a big rift in Muslims form very early days. It later transformed into Umayyad vs Ahl-e-Bait (Family of Rasul Allah SAW). The dispute was largely around power or leadership of the nation (or, may we say Political). People were largely divided into 3 groups, plus two small opportunist Groups (4 & 5, which are not discussed here):
Umayyad & their Supporters
Ahl-e-Bait & their Supporters known as Shia’a
Neutrals: These stayed away from fighting either out of fear or to avoid fitna (dispute)
Sabaai: A group started by a munaafiq Abdulla bin Sabaa, a former Jew who had religious grudge against Muslims. They spread a lot of bad rumours, wrong beliefs, propaganda and misinformation to spoil the situation, especially among new Muslims. They are extinct now but the intellectual damage caused by them will be with us forever.
Khawaraj: They took verses of Quran literally (word by word meaning) and declared most Muslims kaafir (out of Islam). They were responsible for a large number of killings. They are also extinct now.
There is a long history but in the end we are left with Shia group on one side & the rest of Muslims as Sunni on the other side. This is the biggest divide we see up to today in Muslim nation. Politicians have exploited this situation cleverly to keep this divide alive and to make both groups fight each other.
Divide upon Divided upon Divide:
The initial divide was focused on political side only; no one cared about Fiqh or Madhab. But later on this divide was turned into a Fiqhi (Madhabi, religious) Division of Shia vs Sunni Fiqh. It was (& still is) fully abused by clever politicians to keep us divided along these lines. Currently we are divided on Fiqh as well as politically (based on colour, area, race, language, etc., etc.). We have more than 50 Muslim countries and many more so called ‘nations’ which are further divided on Jaafria Fiqh & Sunni Fiqh which is then further divided into (Hanafi, Shaafai, Maaliki & Hanbali) plus Ahl-e-Hadees – endless.
Fiqhi divide is fine as long as it is based on just Islam and is not used to discriminate & fight with each other. But the political division is outright bad; we are one Ummah (nation) so we really should be under one Government. Soon Eesa (AS) will be arriving in Syria insha Allah. Which passport will he have? Will he need visa to visit Iran, Saudi or Pakistan? Think!!
Literal meaning of Shia is a group, supporters or followers. There were a number of supporters of Ahl-e-Bait at around that time. Main groups were:
Shia’an Ali: Supporters of Ali RA. They were divided after his death as below.
Shia’an Fatimi: Supporters of Ali’s RA children from Fatima RA. After the martyr of Imam Hussain RA, Imam Zain al Abideen was the main person in his lineage. He stayed away from power struggle and focused on the knowledge.
Shia’an Alvi: Followers of Ali’s RA children from other wives. Muhammad ibin Hanfiyya (son of Ali RA but named after his mother Hanafiyah RA) became the main leader of Ahl-e-Bait after the martyr of Hussain RA.
Abu Hashim bin Muhammad Hanafia (grandson of Ali RA) handed over imamat of Ahl-e-Bait to Muhammad bin Ali, the grandson of Abbas RA (uncle of Rasul Allah SAW). Over time, Abbasi family gained enough power to overturn the Umayyad Government. Hence the Abbasi Khilafat was born which lasted for 500 years.
Later in history shia were subdivided further into sects such as Kaysaania, Zaydia, Immamia, Ismaeelia, isna Asharia (majority now) & few other groups.
System Still Islam:
Although Umayyad rulers were selected via Monarchy; they implemented Islam as a system throughout. Umayyad rulers implemented Islam mostly but broke some of its rules. BUT leaders throughout Muslim world today implement non-Islamic systems with some Islamic flavour to it.
I am sure the Muslim divisions will cease to exist and we will be one united Nation again once Islam is implemented as a Whole, as a way of Life insha Allah….
Tribe of Quraish has a special significance in Islam; our beloved prophet Muhammad (SAW) belongs to it. Allah Ta’ala mentions Quraish in Quran (Surah Al-Quraish) as He blessed them with favours. Muhammad (SAW) talked about their importance in different hadeeth. Understanding Quraish’s origins and its structure will help us understand the nature of initial struggle for establishing Islam. More importantly the roots of the biggest divide that Muslims have, originated from the very structure of Quraishi tribe; i.e. the Shia Sunni Divide.
The tribe Quraish links back to our spiritual father & Prophet Ibrahim AS who moved to the place now known as Makkah and built the first house of God known as Ka’ba. The tribe’s foundation was laid by one of his decedents called Fahr whose Laqab (nick name) was Quraish. His decedents were called Quraishi. With the passage of time they subdivided into small tribes or branches as listed below:
Quraish’s organised social life & political structure was formed by Qasi who was born in the 5th generation after Fahr. Three main areas of Administration were:
Army: Organising Army, Battles, Relations with other nations. This was the responsibility of Bani Ummaiyah
Courts: Decision making via Collective Council, Disputes Solving, and
Religious Affairs: Looking after Ka’aba & Haaji visitors. Responsibility of Bani Hashim
Quraish’s main profession was trade. They would travel far & wide for it. Allah Ta’ala granted them two gifts as mentioned in Quran (surah Quraish) i.e. Rizq (Food) and Peace. The 3rd and biggest gift is Ka’aba, the House of the Lord. People from all over the world would come to visit it. So, Quraish had a lot of respect, prominence & power at the time.
Two Key Tribes:
Bani Hashim and Bani Ummaiyah were the strongest and most prominent tribes. These very tribes shaped the Muslim history in coming years.
Bani Hashim were respected the most as they were in-charge of the Religious affairs i.e. looking after Ka’aba, Pilgrims & the related matters. Muhammad Rasul Allah (SAW) descended in this tribe
Bani Ummaiyah (Umayyads) were most powerful; they were rich and bigger in number. Bani Ummaiyah were in-charge of Army.
Relations & Rivalry:
Both Hashimis and Umayyads were descendants of same grandfather Abd Munaf hence were close relatives. But there was always a sense of rivalry present among them. Because both tribes were more or less equally strong in terms of wealth & honour so matter of competition was not major. The ties were further strengthened through intermarriages…..Until Hashimis were granted the Prophet-hood.
Muhammad (SAW) becoming prophet took Hashimis to prominence; feud & power struggle grew apparent. Umayyads had nothing personal against Hashimis. They were against Hashimis as were the other Quraishi tribes. It was their Leading role that was at stake.. Being the strongest militarily & financially, Umayyads would have acted the same way against any other tribe in such a situation.
The relations between two tribes remained even after the arrival of Islam. Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) daughters were married to Usman (RA) & Abu Al-Aas, both Umayyad, and Prophet’s wife Um-e-Habiba (RA) was the daughter of Aub Sufian (RA), the head of Quraishi Army at the time.
Unity under Islam:
Fatah Makkah (conquer of Makkah) crushed the power of Quraish. Banu Ummaiyah, like many other tribes accepted Islam. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) honoured them significantly, especially Abu Suffiyan (RA) & his family. He was granted special privileges. His son Ameer Muawiah (RA) was appointed as Katib-e-Wahi (writer of Revelations). Suitable people from Ummayiah were given leadership roles. Umayyads returned that honour with great dignity; Abu Sufian (RA) fought battles taking his whole families along. Usman (RA) spent all of his wealth in the way of Islam.
So Umayyad remained prominent even after the arrival of Islam. And the tradition continued after the passing away of Muhammad (SAW).
Conquer of Syria:
Abu Bakar (RA) sent an army to conquer Syria. Abu Sufian (RA) participated in this war with all of his family. Uazeed (Son of Abu Sufian RA) was appointed as in-charge of a small army section that went to Damascus (Damishq). Damascus was eventually conquered in Umar’s (RA) time. Umar (RA), the 2nd Khaleefa-e-Rasihda appointed Ameer Muawiah bin Abu Suffian (RA) as Ruler here.
The action of appointing Muawaiah RA in Syria laid the foundations of the biggest divide in Muslim nation andchanged the course of Muslim history forever.
Extracted from a Speech By Nauman Khan, Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XECVr6ysbEc&feature=youtu.be&app=desktop
We are living in a time of scepticism. Today’s Modern Education System is geared towards seeding doubts about the existence of God in the minds of young generation. Every student, be it a Medicine or Accountancy or Marketing, he or she has to take few elective subjects such as Religious Studies, Philosophy, Anthropology, Humanity etc etc. And these are the subjects that seed doubts in young minds. They teach Religion as an outdated option, much like a medical students analyses a “Dead Body” – just to learn about it without any practical implications.
The more a young mind studies the subjects, the more doubts he or she develops towards his or her religion. It rattles if not shatters one’s foundation in his faith. How this goal is achieved? There are four points that are fundamental to this issue in the modern thought. To better understand we need to compare the modern day studies with the past:
1- Pre-modern Society placed God or a Higher being at the Centre of all studies and this was common in all religions. Anyone associated with that Higher being was regarded as the most respected person in society; such as Scholars, Priests, and clergy.
Today, it is right opposite to this. God or religion has no place in Education. The system neither denies it nor accepts the existence of God. Instead modern educations system simply ignores this topic as irrelevant & unimportant.
2- Focus on Life after Death: All societies & religions had an embedded concept of Life after Death & accountability of one’s action this life. The system encouraged people to prepare for it.
Modern education has completely ignored this idea of Life after Death and focuses fully on the current life without any concept of accountability in next life.
3- Pre Modern Education System’s focus was on improving oneself morally & religiously (i.e. cleansing one’s soul).
Current education system gives no regard to the moral or spiritual values. Instead it is fully focused on the material sciences.
4- Pre Modern Education system taught a set of Values descended by God or a Higher Being. These were not changeable.
There is no space for such values in Modern education system. Instead it studies all values as just like any other value that a human can comprehend, change or discard based on his observations and desires. As a result all values are changing with the time; yesterday’s good is today’s bad.
Philosophy was banned in Europe. It became popular after revolution against Church. It gave rise to many theories & ideas. All these had few points in common:
“Religion / God have brought wars & oppression” vs “when we studied universe (or material things) we invented technology & hence brought industrial revolution”. So what is important? Studying God or Studying Material Sciences? We should focus on Material Sciences and leave the study of God to an individual.
Don’t worry about Heaven or Hell (After Life); rather focus on improving & enjoying this life
Emphasis shifted from God’s advice or morals or values to an Individual. It is ‘YOU’ who decides what is Good or Bad. Therefore the values change all the time. What was good yesterday is not good today. Moral values change day to day and person to person. Smoking, adultery, pornography, relationships, Marijuana, clothes, hairstyles & public behaviour are just few examples.
Nothing is universally & constantly Right or Wrong; rather things are good or bad relative to a time & place.
Nothing is prohibited! All is OK…. Everything goes. Legalise corruption, drugs, pornography, wars, etc etc.
In fact, law protects these ideas. No one; a counsellor, a doctor, a lawyer, a teacher or even a parent is allowed to challenge an idea of a specific thought e.g. any type of sexuality or religion upon his subject.
Where does this modern education system leads to; Chaos, Corruption & Corporate Greed. People follow their desires and are increasingly dissatisfied. There is disorder because human beings have abandoned the Devine Guidance
But there is a Good News. Good News for the people who Believe & Act in this time & age:
“Indeed, mankind is in loss.
Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.” (Quran: Al- Asar)
I happened to come across an article written about Tata Family & Company. It fascinated me and intrigued me to explore more. Tata Group is one of the most famous Indian Multinational companies.
Facts speak for themselves:
11th most reputable company in the world according to a survey!
More than 100 operating companies in the group
Operates in more than 100 countries across six continents
Total Revenue around $103 Billion (2014)
Ranked as 34th top World Brand Name at a value of $21 Billion (Name Alone!).
But this article is not about Tata as a successful business. So what is so special about Tata? Read on. Its Group’s slogan is:
“Improving the quality of life of the communities we serve”
Do they live by it? We need to examine Tata’s history as well look at its founder’s life.
The company was founded by Jamsetji Tata in 1868. Coming from a Parsi business family he had a natural talent in business; Jamsetji made a fortune in trading cotton, tea, copper, brass etc. But this was not his motive; he had great interest in innovation, technology & its use to improve ordinary people’s lives. He desired having everything “Made in India”.
Build the Nation
Jamsetji established “Empress Textile Mills”, the first textile mills of the India in 1877. But his biggest wish was to establish a steel plant which was realised after his death by his son Dorab in 1907 when Tata Steel started production and making India the first Asian country to have its own steel plant. Today Tata Steel is among top 10 best Steelmakers.
Jamsetji visited many countries to gather ideas, talented people & latest technology to bring it back to India. He was a man with a specific vision. He did not believe in charity, rather advancement through grooming & education. He loved science & technology and craved to establish a science institute as well as a hydro-electric power plant.
“What advances a nation or a community is not so much to prop up its weakest and most helpless members, but to lift up the best and the most gifted, so as to make them of the greatest service to the country,”
Jamsetji eventually succeeded in establishing “Indian Institute of Science” hence providing India with plenty of engineers & scientists for generations to come.
Business & Employees Hand in Hand
Even before Western people thought of labour welfare, Tata Group introduced pensions (1877), the eight-hour working day (1912) and maternity benefits (1921) for its employees.
“In a free enterprise the community is not just another stakeholder to business, but is in fact the very purpose of its existence,”
Jamsetji cared for his employees. He ordered his sons to build a model industrial town to be carved out of the jungle for the workers. He was very specific:
“Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees… Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns & gardens. Reserve large areas for football, hockey & parks. Earmark areas for Hindu temples, Mohammedan mosques & Christian churches,”. And they did; outcome was the creation of Jamshedpur.
Taj Mahal Hotel
Let’s not forget Taj Mahal Hotel of Bombay. Jamsetji absolutely adored Bombay as it was his town of birth & living. There was only one reasonable hotel here, the ‘Watson’. But it was not up to standards; on top of it, Indians were not allowed. Not acceptable, I will build a hotel of standard, declared Jamsetji; so the Taj Mahal Hotel was born in 1903. It was the first building in the city lit with electric lamps & had lifts –people from all over the world came to see this splendour.
Soon afterwards he passed away. Jamsetji was dubbed as a Man of Steel. Tata story didn’t end here; his successors continued his work to same glory.
JRD – Father of Indian Aviation
Jehangir Tata known as JRD reined the group for nearly half a century (1938 to 1988) taking it to new heights. Tata assets rose from $100 Million to $5 Billion under his leadership. He had avid interest in aviation. JRD became the first person to qualify as pilot in India. JRD established the first airline in India, not surprising called “Tata Airlines” in 1932! It was later nationalised by the government and named as Air India. JRD was appointed as its first chairman. It doesn’t stop here; JRD established “Tata Consultancy” in 1968 to computerise the company’s paper-based records – today it is the most profitable company in the whole Tata Group, providing IT services globally, and among top 10 Global IT service company.
“I do not want India to be an economic superpower. I want India to be a happy country.”
JRD just like his predecessors had keen interest in people welfare. He established Asia’s first ever cancer Research & Treatment Hospital in Bombay (1941).
The Tata story goes on. They can be found everywhere, from IT to Tea; yes they own the famous British tea brand Tetley as well Jaguar & Land Rover. India owes a lot to them for sure!
Tata & Humanity in Figures
Are Tata family very Rich? Tata Group is but not so the family; they own merely 3% of Tata Group:
Total Group Assets are US$ 114 Billion
Tata Trusts & Charities Own 66% of it.
30% belongs to Shareholders
And Tata Family Owns only 3%
Jamsetji once said:
“Money is like manure. It stinks when you pile it; it grows when you spread it.”
And this is not the reason. Read on..
‘Ittefaqan’ (by chance), it reminds me of another family famous for Iron business in Pakistan! No point wasting time on exploring how successful they have been in business and how much they have returned to the nation from which they ‘earned’ billions; you all know. No doubt they are visionary; their business spans across continents. Mr Prime minister visited Karachi to attend an emergency meeting last week to discuss the dire law & order situation there. After lavish lunch of BBQ, Fish Finger, Malai Boti, Daal Chawal, Trifle, he commented “Food was weak [not up to standards]”!!
Don’t Give Hungry a Fish
Coming back to Tata, they don’t believe in feeding a hungry, rather empowering him:
“Give hungry a fish & you feed him for a day; teach a man to catch fish and you feed him for a lifetime”
Let’s look at the charitable trusts established by Tata:
Institute of Fundamental Research,
Institute of Social Sciences,
Institute of Science
National Centre for Performing Arts
Management Training Centre
Energy & Resources Institute
Tata Medical Centre
Cancer Research & Treatment Hospital
The striking point you would have noticed that “Help the Needy” type organisations are missing from the list. No disrespect to the work of Edhi & the like but these efforts will never eradicate the needy; we have to eliminate the root causes of the needs i.e. prepare the nation & provide opportunities to the nation.
And this is the Reason that inspired me…
There is another striking point; Bill Gates, Carlos Slim, Warren Buffet & other richest people have also donated most of their wealth but they did so after becoming rich; Tata planned around it from day one.
(Note: Please don’t forget, fundamentally it is the right system applied justly that ensures the opportunities are provided for the nation, but it is a separate subject).