Tahajjud – The Most Recommended Nafil Prayer

Missed Opportunity:

The month of Ramadhan is in full glow now days. Muslims fast during the day and pray Taraveeh during night. I met maulana Ishaaq few days ago where he pointed to a fact that Tahajjud prayer is the most important nafil (recommended optional) prayer after five fard (mandatory) prayers. Yet many Muslims miss out on this great opportunity of praying Tahajjud (& I am one of those).

What is Tahajjud:

Tahajjud literally means breaking the sleep, i.e. waking up from sleep and praying at night. Tahajjud is prayed around midnight but can be perfomed earlier or later between Isha & Fajar. It has minimum 2 rakats and maximum reported are 8. This prayer is mentioned right after the fard prayers in Holy Quran in Surah Bani-Israel:

Establish Salah from the decline of the sun till the darkness of the night (Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha) and read at Fajr (dawn); for the reading at Fajr is witnessed (by the angels).” (Surah 17: Verse 78)

During a part of the night, pray Tahajjud, an additional prayer for you (O Muhammad), very soon your Rabb may exalt you to ‘Maqam-e-Mahmood’ (a station of great glory).” (Surah 17: Verse 79)

Why Tahajjud?

  • This is the Most Recommended prayer after five fard prayers. There is no ikhtilaaf (difference of opinion) on this in any maslak.
  • This prayer is the best way to get closeness to Allah Ta’ala, seek his forgiveness and gain his blessings!
  • Rasul Allah said “Tahajjud is the Afzal (greatest) prayer after fard prayers.(translation)
  • It was prayed regularly by prophet Muhammad (SAW).
  • Best time to pray is after mid night. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said:

“The closest that a slave comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so.” (Al-Tirmidhi)

Friends, Ramadhan is the best & easiest time to pray Tahajjud. We wake up for Saher anyway. We can pray it just before eating saher; it literally takes 5 minutes!

Traveeh and Tahajjud are Same:

Tahajjud & Taraveeh are the same prayer, it is also known as Qiyyam ul Layl. Rasool Allah (SAW) regularly prayed 11 rakat (8 nafal + 3 vitar) after midnight. In fact, 3 vitar & 2 Nafal after Isha prayer are actually Tahajjud prayer. People were allowed to pray right after Isha prayer for the convenience as it is hard for many to wake up after midnight. But preferred (afzal) time for Tahajjud is after midnight.

Muhammad (SAW) did not mention any prayer called ‘Taraveeh’, neither did the four Khulafah Rashdeen. All of them prayed Tahajjud Nawafil and it was after midnight.

During one Ramadhan Rasool Allah (SAW) prayed Tahjjud in Jamat after midnight for three nights only and then stopped fearing that it may not become obligatory on all Muslims. So sahaba continued praying it at home or in small groups.

Umar (RA) saw people praying in small groups in Masjid Nabvi. He (RA) did not like the practice of having multiple groups, so He (RA) gathered them in one jamat. Therefore it was Umar’s (RA) ijtihad to practice it in its current form.

Later people increased the number of rakat from 8 to 20 or even beyond up to 36, plus 3 rakat for vitar. It is a Nafal prayer so number is not relevant as such; one can pray as many as comfortably possible.

Currently Taraveeh is prayed at Isha time. Ahle Hadees pray 8 rakat. All four imams (Abu Hanifah, Malik, Shafai, Hanbal) agree on 20 rakat and consider it a Mustahib Sunnat.

The word Taraveeh is plural of Tar-vee-ha which means taking rest.  People would pray 4 rakat and then take some rest. Hence this prayer got the name of Salat at Taraveeh.

So in summary, Taraveeh & Tahajjud are the same prayer. It is a Nafal prayer so it could be in any number. Preferred time for it is after midnight but it can be prayed any time after Isha.

Two respected scholars Dr Israr Ahmed and Maulana Ishaq support this view. Links to their speeches below (Urdu).

Maulana Ishaq: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unxipJls_c4

Dr Israr:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5p-E_aB7Bw4

Jazak Allah!

Warren Buffett’s Golden Rules (Part 2)

(Read Part 1 Here)

Warren Buffett is one of the most successful businessmen of 20th century. Below are few of his golden rules & philosophy that drove his success.

1 – Happiness comes from within. In my adult business life I have never had to make a choice of trading between professional and personal. I tap-dance to work, and when I get there it’s tremendous fun.

2 – Find happiness in simple pleasures: I have simple pleasures. I play bridge online for 12 hours a week. Bill and I play, he’s “chalengr” and I’m “tbone”.

3 – Live a simple life: I just naturally want to do things that make sense. In my personal life too, I don’t care what other rich people are doing. I don’t want a 405 foot boat just because someone else has a 400 foot boat

4 Think Simply: I want to be able to explain my mistakes. This means I do only the things I completely understand.

5- Do not lose already Earned: Not losing hard earned money is far more important than making more money. Spend very wisely.

6 – Invest Simply: Do what you understand & that makes sense to YOU. Flow with the market rather than pretending to be smarter than God.

7 – Have a mentor in life: Tell me who your heroes are and I’ll tell you how you’ll turn out to be. The qualities of the one you admire are the traits that you, with a little practice, can make your own, and that, if practiced, will become habit-forming.

8 – Making money is not a goal: Making money isn’t the backbone of our guiding purpose; making money is the by-product of our guiding purpose. If you’re doing something you love, you’re more likely to put your all into it, and that generally equates to making money.

9 – Learn to Manage Hardship: I developed courage when I learned I could deal with hardship. You need to get your feet wet and get some failure under your belt.

10 – Find Worse Case Scenarios & try to Minimise them: Before Warren does anything, he and his partner “invert, always invert.” They list every way imaginable in which they could fail at a particular task and then take massive effort to avoid those failures.

11- Learn Nonstop: Go to bed a little wiser than when you woke up.

12- Do what you like & enjoy what you do: Do what you believe in – not what others are doing.

 The End.

Warren Buffett Part-1

Warren Buffet

Warren Edward Buffett is an American businessman. Considered to be the most successful investor of 20th century, he started investing at the age of 11 (he regrets now that he started late). Warren sold sweets, drinks & magazines door to door form early age. At the age 14 he bought a small farm with his own savings and submitted his first tax return.

NOTE: The present day Share Trading & Stock Exchage System is not allowed according to Islamic Economic laws. 

Warren was the richest person on earth till 2008 when he donated $30.7 bn, the biggest ever donation. Still 3rd richest person, he has pledged to donate 99% of his wealth in charity.

Warren earned BS in Business Administration and MS in Economics. He taught “Investment Principles” class at the “University of Nebraska-Omaha” where the average age of his students was more than twice his own.

He is the founder & CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Ltd that has 63 subsidiary companies. Guess how many people work in Berkshire Hathaway? Only 16.

Warren does not like the idea of Dynastic wealth; He is leaving little for his children. Warren believes that “give as much to your children so they could do something of their own, rather than giving them too much that they do nothing”.

Warren emphasizes on using Gold as standard. “It gets dug out of the ground in Africa, or someplace. Then we melt it down, dig another hole, bury it again and pay people to stand around guarding it. It has no utility. Anyone watching from Mars would be scratching their head.”

Warren Buffett does not measure success by dollars; rather what a person has done for others. He helped his friends to succeed in life. “When you get to my age, you’ll measure your success in life by how many of the people you want to have loved you, actually do love you. That’s the ultimate test of how you’ve lived your life.”

Warren and Bill Gates

Bill Gates visited Warren for 30 minutes formal meeting. Both stayed together for 5 hours and became friends for life. On December 9, 2010, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, signed a promise they called the “Gates-Buffett Giving Pledge“, in which they promised to donate to charity at least half of their wealth and encouraged others to do so too.

To succeed, do what you believe in” Warren advises. One should aim for success in his goals; wealth will follow as a by-product. Wealth should not be a goal itself.

Warren leads a very simple & ordinary life. He lives in an old 3 bed house bought in 50s, drives his old, 2nd hand car by himself, there is no computer on his desk, and usually doesn’t carry a mobile phone. He takes a salary of only $100,000 per year – a wage of a middle manager in US. His favourite hobbies are making pop corn for himself and watching TV. Or he would play bridge online with Bill.

He follows simple business rules that can lead anyone to success. Read these Here in 2nd Part.