Courageous People of Taj Nagar

People of a small village 60 KM away from Delhi called Taj Nagar had a train track passing near by but no station.  They would see trains passing by but could benefit from it. It was quite inconvenient & expensive to reach nearby cities using other means of transport. Approaching government didn’t help, it did not have funds. People decided to help themselves. A mammoth sum of Rs 25,00,000 was required. It was worked out that every house needs to chip in at least Rs 3000, and they did it.

Government provided land and technical help. Soon a humble train station was a reality. Commuting became easier and cheaper. But this is not the end of story, but the beginning.



Taj Nagar Station
Taj Nagar Station


Now the villagers want this station to succeed. Villagers, on their own accord, go to the station and buy few tickets, not to travel, just to support the station. Even traveling students buy two tickets at least. And more, there is a person to support passengers throughout the day even during late night to assist passengers. One such volunteer explained “we do not want passengers to have bad experience here, especially lone females, they must feel safe & secure travelling to this station at night”.


And they are not ending it there. The plan is to build a girls high school with their own help, the first in the area.


O my God, Why are they so devoted and we in the third world, especially Muslims are so unhelpful to ourselves and each other?


My friends! Wakeup, help yourself; help others.


Listen to this short story on BBC.


Making a Winning CV

Your CV is Your Advertisement

Your CV is the single most important thing in job search, even more than you.  It fights against 100’s of CVs and wins an interview for you. Therefor CV has to be more than perfect.

A CV gets maximum of 20 seconds before it makes or breaks, so –

First Impression is Vital“.

Selection Process

Job Ad ->            CVs Collection ->     CV Selection ->     Interview ->        Final

Be aware of Who is involved in the process: Recruitment Agency, HR and/or Hiring Manager: Each of them would view a CV from his perspective.

 Common Mistakes

1- Too Lengthy: Irrelevant & unnecessary information 6- Missing or Poor Soft / Technical Skills Section
2- Too General & Too Common 7- Missing Personal Profile and Future Plans & Objectives
3- Missing Important Information 8- Work Experience written as Job Description
4- Grammatical Errors & Spelling Mistake 9- Missing vital Searchable Words.
5- Inappropriate Layout – Too Boring, Too Flashy, Unclear, Complex,  in Wrong Order 10- Contains unknown / unfamiliar Names, Abbreviations & Acronyms


Writing Your CV

 Always follow the rule of “What, When, Where & How”:

– What was it (i.e. Name, Title)

– When was it (dates from & to)

– Where was it (Place: Preston University, Ericsson Ltd,)

– How did YOU do it (Explain with ‘YOU’ in mind)

– Use “Action” Verbs such as developed, designed, coached, executed, trained, arranged, organised, etc etc.

NOTE: CV format & contents are industry & country dependent.  Advice provided here is general. For specific advice, seek help from someone suitable from your area.


Qualities of a Winning CV

–  CV is Not your Autobiography. Length should be no more than Two Pages, three if you have more than 10 years Experience.

–  Your CV is your Professional & Educational Highlights – Only add important & relevant information as highlights

–  No repetition of any information

–  Be honest. Lying is a crime.

–  Appearance & template should be a unique looking

–  Format: Simple & clear in MS Word or Adobe Acrobat

–  Use Spaces and style variations to make reading easy.

–  Use Same format throughout.

–  Use small sentences, easy words & commonly known names, abbreviation & acronyms (e.g. Ltd., GSM, etc)

–  Make it specific not general. Example of General: “To join a challenging role in prestigious organization”, Example of Specific: “To join a challenging Network Engineer’s role in a prestigious IT organization”.

– Once completed, make sure it is reviewed by at least two or three experienced people. And also by your university career advice service.

– Keep on reviewing & updating your CV all the time

– Use different CVs for different types of jobs and different people.

– Register your CV on top job sites & relevant companies (monster, jobserve, total jobs, etc) and make it visible & searchable.

– Every job, industry & country has certain formats and requirements, Tailor your CV accordingly.

– Follow up your applications by polite emails & phone calls.

Sections in Order:

 1-       Name (with Mr or Miss)

2-       Personal Details: Name, mobile phone number, decent email address, date of birth (optional).

3-       Objective / Profile (3 to 4 lines max)

4-       Technology Skills: (Software, Hardware, Operation Systems, Databases, Languages, Technologies, Tools)

5-       Education (with latest one first). Write main subjects. Must include final year project.

6-       Experience (if you have more than one years relevant experience, put it before education)

7-       Interests & Hobbies: Not more than a couple, and the ones you really do.

 Conclusion: Make your CV Simple, Short, Relevant, Targeted, Attractive & an Individual (different) like you are!

Secrets of a Successful Interview

 Prepare Prepare Prepare

“Preparation is the key to success in an interview”

You have made to the interview. This indicates that you have beaten all the candidates and are in the final round now. You have to win just the final match. Interviews are only offered to 2 or 3 Selected candidates. You stand a very good chance here, prepare well and job is yours.

You need to understand the process of interview as well as what the employer will be expecting from you. Once you understand this, winning the interview will be a piece of cake!

What employer is looking for:

1. Relevant Education, Skills & experience
2. Your knowledge about the company & industry
3. Your affordability (Salary)
4. Whether you can go above and beyond the job description

5. MOST IMPORTANT: Your Manageability/Fit for the Job & Company i.e. “Right Attitude for the Job”; you can teach anything to a right-attitude candidate but if the attitude is wrong nothing will work.

Types of Interview: Technical, HR, Formal, Informal, Friendly, Stressing, Face to Face vs Telephonic.

Tests: You may also be asked to perform some Logic, Psychometric or Reasoning tests

Types of Interviewer: Technical/Relevant Professional Manager, HR Manager, Head of Department, Team Collegues, Recruitment Agency Representative.

How To Prepare

  • Analyze the Position/Vacancy
  • Research the Organization: Business, Products & Services, Market, Recent History, etc.
  • Assess & Revise yourself (CV): education, experience relevance, personal strengths and weaknesses,
  • Be clear about your goals, future plans, salary expectations, And Why do you want to join this organization.
  • Check who is interviewing you. Searh his/her name on Google, Facebook, Linkedin. You will get some information on him/her for sure.


  • Dress: White or Light-color Shirt, and a decent Tie, black polished shoes.
  • Boys: 2 piece dark colored suit (grey, blue, navy or similar, plain or patterned).
  • NO to Pure Black – only used on funeral).
  • Girls: Modest dress, Little makeup & jewelry.
  • Proper Shave or trimmed beard, hair cut and Clean Your Teeth (no bad breath).
  • Arrive for your interview 10-15 minutes early & Switch off mobile phone.
  • Take an extra copy of your CV with you.
  • Smile, Look the interviewer in the eyes & offer a firm warm handshake.
  • Ask for water (& tea or coffee if offered), it will help to wet your throat.
  • Try to relax & be friendly but remain formal.
  • Break the ice by saying (nice weather, nice office building, this is beautiful area, etc).
  • Sit up straight with your shoulders straight back and hands resting in your lap.
  • Place both feet on the floor.
  • Maintain eye contact to demonstrate interest and enthusiasm.
  • Use limited hand gestures(movements) to emphasize key points.
  • Be aware of nervous movements such as tapping of your foot or playing with a ring.
  • Ask for clarity on the job applied for & the team/organization.
  • They don’t know You but only your CV. Make Sure you know what you have written in the CV
  • Tell about your achievements, good things & awards etc you got.
  • Think of examples of items you mentioned on CV, e.g. I managed the conflicts with banks. You will be asked for an example of this.
  • Talk about subjects & tasks you have done well, avoid the ones you know less.
  • Tell employer about your relevant things/skills to the job role you applied for.
  • Show thorough interest in the job & company.
  • Make the interview Two Way – Ask at appropriate times.


  • Speak slowly and clearly
  • Use “Action” Verbs to describe transferrable skills such as developed, designed, coached, executed, trained, arranged, organised, etc etc.
  • Answer honestly, if you don’t know or not sure, say so. Not knowing is OK but lying is crime.
  • If you are not sure about a question, clarify.
  • Take your time, think and then answer.
  • Try to smile (when appropriate); a smile will indicate confidence and enthusiasm
  • Treat Phone interview the same way as face to face. Dress up for it
  • Look for a quiet room, use hands-free (headphone), and keep pen & paper handy.


  • Avoid using word ‘No’ or any negative language.
  • Never blame or say bad words about previous employer or colleagues.
  • Stick to the subject while answering; don’t give more than the required information.
  • Don’t reply with plain No or Yes, say full sentence & explain if needed.
  • Don’t give statements e.g. I am the expert of Programming.
  • If you do give statement, you have to explain / justify it e.g. I am an intelligent worker, or I love reading books.
  • Don’t ask about salaries, sick leaves, pensions, vacations, or benefits, Unless you are invited to do so. You may say I am looking for right job, salary is secondary.
  • When invited for the questions in the end, ask few, e.g. what type of working environment is present in the company, what are career progression opportunities, if hired what type of team (size, location, etc), how performance assessments are conducted.
  • Never ask irritating questions or challenge interviewer’s authority. He is the person in charge there.

Few Possible Questions:

Tell me about yourself ? Tell summary of your qualifications & experience, and relate it to that job.

Tell me your weaknesses & strengths? Tell your weakness in a positive way, e.g. I am over organised.

Why do you want to leave the current job? Tell you want to learn new skills, and want to further your career.

Why are you interested in our organization? Read about the organisation and tell why/where they are good, e.g. fast growing company, financially strong, etc, etc.

Why should we hire YOU? Tell your good points from education & experience in relation to this job.

What motivates you?

What are your future plans? Be clear what you want to be.

Remember Interviews are for Mutual Need, “They are looking for a right candidate and You are looking for a right job. You are suitable one for them, this is why they invited YOU”

So be Confident & be Proud of Yourself!

Non 3GPP Wireless Access Technologies: WiFi & WiMAX

Trusted & Un-trusted Non-3GPP Access Technologies (e.g. WiMAX & WiFi)

As you (should really) know that SAE (System Architecture Evolution), also know as EPC (Evolved Packet core), the common core network defined in 3GPP Rel 8, supports all types of access networks, be it radio or fixed line, 3GPP such as PSTN, 2G, 3G, 4G LTE or non 3GPP technologies such as WiMAX, WiFi, etc.

SAE further subdivides Non 3GPP technologies into two types:

  • Trusted Non 3GPP, e.g WiMAX
  • Un-Trusted Non 3GPP, e.g. WiFi

Why is this classification? Let’s try to answer, but you need understand the basics first:

As wireless transmission became popular, IEEE formed a committee in 1990 called 802.11 to establish standards for WLAN (Wireless LAN). The committee produced its first WLAN standard called 802.11, followed by a long list of standards with various enhancements. Below is a summary of the relevant ones. The two most commonly known WLAN set of standards are WiFi & WiMAX.

WiFi:     The group of standards 802.11a, 11b, 11g, & 11n is called WiFi. It’s coverage is within few meters and hence WiFi is commonly used in a building. It is commonly used in mobile phones, home/small LAN networks & related home appliances.

802.11a – (rectified: 1999), 54 Mbps max speed, working at 5 GHz frequency band, it uses regulated (Licensed) radio spectrum hence developing it incurs licensing fees. It’s use is more popular in office equipment.

802.11b – (1999), 11 Mbps max speed, unregulated 2.4 GHz band, so interference is possible. No license required hence cost is low. Signal range is good and is not easily obstructed because of its use of low band frequency. It is more popular in home appliances.

802.11g – (2003), 54 Mbps max speed, 2.4 GHz band: a newer standard which provides benefits from both of its predecessors. May face some interference from other home appliances due to the use of same unregulated radio spectrum as of 802.11b.

802.11n – (2009) 100+ Mbps, improvements over 802.11g, makes use of MIMO (multiple antennas).

WiMAX: A wireless access technology (similar to local loop), designed for long range, perhaps for miles so can cover a whole city. Oficially called WirelessMAN, it is:

–          Developed by 802.16 committee (not 802.11)

–          Developed for MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) rather than LAN.

–          It has three licensed radio spectrums: 2.3 GHz, 2.5 GHz & 3.5 GHz, but may also work in an unlicensed spectrum of 5.x GHz.

WiMAX has two flavors:

– 802.16-2004 (also known as 802.16d or fixed wireless): It is the originally developed standard, & does not support mobility.

– 802.16-2005 (also known as 802.16e or mobile wireless): It supports mobility. Maybe used for a moving mobile, theoretical data rates up to 70 Mb/s but practically around 10 Mb/s.

What about Bluetooth for LAN???

Bluetooth: Uses unlicensed 2.4 GHz band, formed by 802.15 committee. But Low data rate of approx 1 Mb/s & low range of up to 10 meters only makes it almost impossible to use for WLAN. Commonly used in low powered devices such as mobiles, laptops, etc due to its low cost of manufacturing.

Now, do you understand why is WiMAX is trusted but not WiFi?

The answer is simple, WiMAX uses licensed radio spectrum! So only licensed Service Providers can us it which are trusted. Whereas WiFi is used by any Joe Blog. As a matter of fact WiFi is used in almost every building nowdays freely to setup a home wireless network.

Link to more detailed article:

Happy Birthday Happy Meal

A rotting apple may present an awful sight but decaying of things is a blessing from God. Imagine a world full of old fruits, plants and dead bodies lying around. My brother went to Himalayas for camping where temperature remains several degrees below zero all year around. He told that it was common there to find years old dead bodies and human waste buried in snow. Nothing decays there because temperature is too low.

Things decomposition is a vital part of our ecosystem. This is especially true for food to breakdown into vital ingredients & energy to be consumed by human body for survival & growth. However this phenomenon is completely unwelcomed by the food industry. They wish their product to look fresh as long as possible. Hence they suppress the natural ageing of the food by introducing chemicals known as preservatives to their products.

These added ingredients may give artificial fresh look to the food products prolonging their shelf life but is not good for the body. Not only these chemicals have side effects but also prohibit the body from properly digesting the food and extracting nutrients from it.

Happy Meal Fresh
Happy Meal Fresh

Look at the pictures; this is our loved happy meal (Beef Burger & French Fries) from McDonalds. One on the left is a fresh off the shop, and the one below is the same burger left on the kitchen shelf for one whole year. It looks as if it is only a couple of days old. This experiment is conducted by Mrs Joan Bruno in Colorado. She claimed that flies and insects completely ignored it as if it wasn’t there.

Imagine how good it is as a food for children if even insects do not consider it a food.

Happy Meal 1 Year old
Happy Meal 1 Year old